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Multidrug resistance protein 1 localization in lipid raft domains and prostasomes in prostate cancer cell lines
Gomà, Alba; Mir, Roser; Martinez-Soler, F.; Tortosa i Moreno, Avelina; Vidal-Bel, August; Condom i Mundó, Enric; Pérez Tomás, Ricardo E.; Giménez Bonafé, Pepita
Universitat de Barcelona
Background: One of the problems in prostate cancer (CaP) treatment is the appearance of the multidrug resistance phenotype, in which ATP-binding cassette transporters such as multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) play a role. Different localizations of the transporter have been reported, some of them related to the chemoresistant phenotype. Aim: This study aimed to compare the localization of MRP1 in three prostate cell lines (normal, androgen-sensitive, and androgen-independent) in order to understand its possible role in CaP chemoresistance. Methods: MRP1 and caveolae protein markers were detected using confocal microscopy, performing colocalization techniques. Lipid raft isolation made it possible to detect these proteins by Western blot analysis. Caveolae and prostasomes were identified by electron microscopy. Results: We show that MRP1 is found in lipid raft fractions of tumor cells and that the number of caveolae increases with malignancy acquisition. MRP1 is found not only in the plasma membrane associated with lipid rafts but also in cytoplasmic accumulations colocalizing with the prostasome markers Caveolin-1 and CD59, suggesting that in CaP cells, MRP1 is localized in prostasomes. Conclusion: We hypothesize that the presence of MRP1 in prostasomes could serve as a reservoir of MRP1; thus, taking advantage of the release of their content, MRP1 could be translocated to the plasma membrane contributing to the chemoresistant phenotype. The presence of MRP1 in prostasomes could serve as a predictor of malignancy in CaP
Càncer de pròstata
Resistència als medicaments
Prostate cancer
Drug resistance
cc-by-nc (c) Gomà Freixes, Alba et al., 2014
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/es
Artículo
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Dove Medical Press
         

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Gomà, Alba; Mir, Roser; Martinez-Soler, F.; Tortosa i Moreno, Avelina; Vidal-Bel, August; Condom i Mundó, Enric; Pérez Tomás, Ricardo E.; Giménez Bonafé, Pepita
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