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Peripheral myopization and visual performance with experimental rigid gas permeable and soft contact lens design
Pauné Fabre, Jaime; Queiros, A; Quevedo Junyent, Luisa Jesus; Neves, H; Lopes Ferreira, D; Gonzalez Meijome, J.M.
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Òptica i Optometria; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. GRCUV - Grup de Recerca del Centre Universitari de la Visió
Purpose: To evaluate the performance of two experimental contact lenses (CL) designed to induce relative peripheral myopic defocus in myopic eyes.; Methods: Ten right eyes of 10 subjects were fitted with three different CL: a soft experimental lens (Exp-SCL), a rigid gas permeable experimental lens (ExpRGP) and a standard RGP lens made of the same material (StdRGP). Central and peripheral refraction was measured using a Grand Seiko open-field autorefractometer across the central 60 degrees of the horizontal visual field. Ocular aberrations were measured with a Hartman-Shack aberrometer, and monocular contrast sensitivity function (CSF) was measured with a VCTS6500 without and with the three contact lenses.; Results: Both experimental lenses were able to increase significantly the relative peripheral myopic defocus up to -0.50 D in the nasal field and -1.00 D in the temporal field (p < 0.05). The ExpRGP induced a significantly higher myopic defocus in the temporal field compared to the ExpSCL. ExpSCL induced significantly lower levels of Spherical-like HOA than ExpRGP for the 5 mm pupil size (p < 0.05). Both experimental lenses kept CSF within normal limits without any statistically significant change from baseline (p > 0.05).; Conclusions: RGP lens design seems to be more effective to induce a significant myopic change in the relative peripheral refractive error. Both lenses preserve a good visual performance. The worsened optical quality observed in ExpRGP was due to an increased coma-like and spherical-like HOA. However, no impact on the visual quality as measured by CSF was observed. (C) 2014 British Contact Lens Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Ciències de la visió::Contactologia
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Ciències de la salut::Medicina::Oftalmologia
Myopia
Contact lenses
Eye--Accommodation and refraction
Myopia
Custom-design
Contact lenses
Peripheral refraction
SLOW MYOPIA PROGRESSION
SPECTACLE LENSES
REFRACTION
ORTHOKERATOLOGY
CHILDREN
Miopia
Lents de contacte
Ulls -- Acomodació i refracció
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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