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A short screener is valid for assessing mediterranean diet adherence among older spanish men and women
Schröder, Helmut; Fitó, Montserrat; Estruch Riba, Ramon; Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel, 1957-; Corella Piquer, Dolores; Salas Salvadó, Jordi; Lamuela Raventós, Rosa Ma.; Ros Rahola, Emilio; Salaverría, Itziar; Fiol Sala, Miguel; Lapetra, José; Vinyoles, Ernest; Gómez Gracia, Enrique; Lahoz, Carlos; Serra Majem, Lluís; Pintó Sala, Xavier; Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Valentina; Covas Planells, María Isabel
Universitat de Barcelona
Ensuring the accuracy of dietary assessment instruments is paramount for interpreting diet-disease relationships. The present study assessed the relative and construct validity of the 14-point Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) used in the Prevencio´n con Dieta Mediterra´nea (PREDIMED) study, a primary prevention nutrition-intervention trial. A validated FFQ and the MEDAS were administered to 7146 participants of the PREDIMED study. The MEDASderived PREDIMED score correlated significantly with the corresponding FFQ PREDIMED score (r = 0.52; intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.51) and in the anticipated directions with the dietary intakes reported on the FFQ. Using Bland Altman"s analysis, the average MEDAS Mediterranean diet score estimate was 105% of the FFQ PREDIMED score estimate. Limits of agreement ranged between 57 and 153%. Multiple linear regression analyses revealed that a higher PREDIMED score related directly (P , 0.001) to HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) and inversely (P , 0.038) to BMI, waist circumference, TG, the TG:HDL-C ratio, fasting glucose, and the cholesterol:HDL-C ratio. The 10-y estimated coronary artery disease risk decreased as the PREDIMED score increased (P , 0.001). The MEDAS is a valid instrument for rapid estimation of adherence to the Mediterranean diet and may be useful in clinical practice.
Cuina mediterrània
Medicina preventiva
Malalties coronàries
Lípids de la sang
Factors de risc en les malalties
Persones grans
Qüestionaris
Espanya
Sucre en l'organisme
Mediterranean cooking
Preventive medicine
Coronary diseases
Blood lipids
Risk factors in diseases
Older people
Questionnaires
Spain
Sugar in the body
(c) American Society for Nutrition, 2011
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American Society for Nutrition
         

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