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Differential effects of polyphenols and alcohol of red wine on the expression of adhesion molecules and inflammatory cytokines related to atherosclerosis: a randomized clinical trial
Chiva Blanch, Gemma; Urpí Sardà, Mireia; Llorach, Rafael; Rotchés Ribalta, Maria; Guillén, Marisa; Casas, Rosa; Arranz Martínez, Sara; Valderas Martínez, Palmira; Portolés, Olga; Corella Piquer, Dolores; Tinahones, Francisco J.; Lamuela Raventós, Rosa Ma.; Andrés Lacueva, Ma. Cristina; Estruch Riba, Ramon
Universitat de Barcelona
Background: Few clinical studies have focused on the alcoholindependent cardiovascular effects of the phenolic compounds of red wine (RW). Objective: We aimed to evaluate the effects of ethanol and phenolic compounds of RW on the expression of inflammatory biomarkers related to atherosclerosis in subjects at high risk of cardiovascular disease. Design: Sixty-seven high-risk, male volunteers were included in a randomized, crossover consumption trial. After a washout period, all subjects received RW (30 g alcohol/d), the equivalent amount of dealcoholized red wine (DRW), or gin (30 g alcohol/d) for 4 wk. Before and after each intervention period, 7 cellular and 18 serum inflammatory biomarkers were evaluated. Results: Alcohol increased IL-10 and decreased macrophage-derived chemokine concentrations, whereas the phenolic compounds of RW decreased serum concentrations of intercellular adhesion molecule- 1, E-selectin, and IL-6 and inhibited the expression of lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 in T lymphocytes and macrophage-1 receptor, Sialil-Lewis X, and C-C chemokine receptor type 2 expression in monocytes. Both ethanol and phenolic compounds of RW downregulated serum concentrations of CD40 antigen, CD40 ligand, IL-16, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1. Conclusion: The results suggest that the phenolic content of RW may modulate leukocyte adhesion molecules, whereas both ethanol and polyphenols of RW may modulate soluble inflammatory mediators in high-risk patients. The trial was registered in the International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number Register at http://www. isrctn.org/ as ISRCTN88720134
Agents antiinflamatoris
Vi
Aterosclerosi
Citoquines
Polifenols
Fitoteràpia
Assaigs clínics
Antiinflammatory agents
Wine
Atherosclerosis
Cytokines
Polyphenols
Phytotherapy
Clinical trials
(c) American Society for Nutrition, 2012
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American Society for Nutrition
         

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Arranz Martínez, Sara; Chiva Blanch, Gemma; Valderas Martínez, Palmira; Medina Remón, Alexander; Lamuela Raventós, Rosa Ma.; Estruch Riba, Ramon