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Isothermal and non-isothermal crystallization kinetics of a polyglycolide copolymer having a tricomponent middle soft segment
Márquez Lobato, Yolanda; Franco García, María Lourdes; Turon Dols, Pau; Puiggalí Bellalta, Jordi
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Química; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. PSEP - Polimers Sintètics: Estructura i Propietats. Polimers Biodegradables.
Kinetics of isothermal and non-isothermal crystallization studies of a biodegradable monofilament suture constituted by polyglycolide hard blocks and soft segments derived from glycolide, epsilon-caprolactone and trimethylene carbonate have been undertaken by means of calorimetric methods. This segmented polymer was semicrystalline with melting and crystallization characteristics defined by the polyglycolide hard segments. The amorphous phase had a glass transition temperature highly influenced by thermal processing and the random microstructure of the soft segment. Melting process was complex due to the occurrence of lamellae with different degree of perfection. Equilibrium melting point, determined by the Hoffman-Weeks methodology, became slightly lower than reported for polyglycolide and segmented copolymers having a lower soft segment content.; A heterogeneous nucleation and a three-dimensional crystal growth were characteristic for isothermal crystallizations performed from the melt state, being the Avrami exponent very close to 3 for all experiments. Secondary nucleation constant was evaluated from the overall crystallization rates and by assuming the validity of Lauritzen-Hofmann approach. Results point out a maximum rate for a crystallization temperature of 131 degrees C and probably an underestimated nucleation constant.; Kinetic parameters for non-isothermal crystallization were deduced by Avrami, Ozawa and Caze methods. A good agreement with isothermal parameters was only attained with the last methodology, although results from the other ones were appropriate to simulate the crystallization process. lsoconversional analysis was a good methodology to estimate the secondary nucleation constant from a non-isothermal crystallization. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria química
Polymers--Biodegradation
Copolymers
Bioabsorbable sutures
Polyglycolide
Segmented copolymer
Crystallization kinetics
Isothermal crystallization
Non-isothermal crystallization
GLYCOLIDE/TRIMETHYLENE CARBONATE COPOLYMERS
EQUILIBRIUM MELTING TEMPERATURE
HOFFMAN-LAURITZEN PARAMETERS
POLYMER CRYSTALLIZATION
DEGRADATION
MICROSTRUCTURE
GLYCOLIDE
CRYSTALS
SUTURE
UNITS
Polímers -- Biodegradació
Copolímers
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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