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Does land titling matter? The role of land property rights in the war on illicit crops in Colombia
Muñoz-Mora, Juan Carlos; Tobón-Zapata, Santiago; Willem d'Anjou, Jesse
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Economia de l'Empresa
This paper analyzes the role of formalization of land property rights in the war against illicit crops in Colombia. We argue that as a consequence of the increase of state presence and visibility during the period of 2000 and 2009, municipalities with a higher level of formalization of their land property rights saw a greater reduction in the area allocated to illicit crops. We hypothesize that this is due to the increased cost of growing illicit crops on formal land compared to informal, and due to the possibility of obtaining more benets in the newly in- stalled institutional environment when land is formalized. We exploit the variation in the level of formalization of land property rights in a set of municipalities that had their rst cadastral census collected in the period of 1994-2000; this selection procedure guarantees reliable data and an unbiased source of variation. Using fixed effects estimators, we found a signicant negative relationship between the level of formalization of land property rights and the number of hectares allocated to coca crops per municipality. These results remain robust through a number of sensitivity analyses. Our ndings contribute to the growing body of evidence on the positive effects of formal land property rights, and e ective policies in the war on drugs in Colombia.
03-2014
332 - Economia regional i territorial. Economia del sòl i de la vivenda
Tinença de la terra -- Colòmbia
Coca
Drogues -- Control -- Colòmbia
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35 p.
Document de treball
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Economia de l'Empresa
Document de treball (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Economia de l'Empresa);14/2
         

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