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Executive dysfunction and memory impairment in schizoaffective disorder: a comparison with bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and healthy controls.
Amann, Benedikt; Gomar, J. J.; Ortiz Gil, Jordi; McKenna, P.; Sans-Sansa, B.; Sarró, S.; Moro, N.; Madre, M.; Landin-Romero, R.; Vieta i Pascual, Eduard, 1963-; Goikolea, José Manuel; Salvador, R.; Pomarol-Clotet, Edith
Universitat de Barcelona
BACKGROUND: Deficits in memory and executive performance are well-established features of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. By contrast, data on cognitive impairment in schizoaffective disorder are scarce and the findings are conflicting. METHOD: We used the Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS-III) and the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS) to test memory and executive function in 45 schizophrenic patients, 26 schizomanic patients and 51 manic bipolar patients in comparison to 65 healthy controls. The patients were tested when acutely ill. RESULTS: All three patient groups performed significantly more poorly than the controls on global measures of memory and executive functioning, but there were no differences among the patient groups. There were few differences in memory and executive function subtest scores within the patient groups. There were no differences in any test scores between manic patients with and without psychotic symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Schizophrenic, schizomanic and manic patients show a broadly similar degree of executive and memory deficits in the acute phase of illness. Our results do not support a categorical differentiation across different psychotic categories with regard to neuropsychological deficits.
Trastorn bipolar
Manic-depressive illness
(c) Cambridge University Press, 2012
Cambridge University Press

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