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Diseño e implementación del seguro de riesgo sísmico para cubrir los edificios privados a través de una estrategia de subsidio cruzado
Marulanda Fraume, Mabel Cristina; Cardona, Omar Darío; Mora Cuevas, Miguel; Barbat Barbat, Horia Alejandro
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Resistència dels Materials i Estructures en Enginyeria; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. (MC)2 - Grup de Mecànica Computacional en Medis Continus
This paper discusses how a catastrophe risk model –based on metrics such as the Probabilistic Maximum Loss and the Average Annual Loss– has been used to estimate, building by building, the probabilistic losses of different portfolios of exposed elements. It also explains how a risk transfer instrument to cover the private housing in Manizales, Colombia, was designed, promoting the insurance culture and covering the low-income homeowners through a cross-subsidy strategy. This instrument is a voluntary collective insurance promoted by the city administration and the insurance industry, using the mechanism of the property-tax payment. The program provides financial protection to the estate-tax payers and to the low-income homeowners that cannot pay the tax due to their income limitations. This collective insurance helps the government to access key resources for low-income householder recovery and improve disaster risk management at local level. This instrument represents a successful experience from the solidarity perspective as also has been a good practice between the government and the private sector that can be replicated in developing countries prone to disasters.
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria civil::Geotècnia::Sismologia
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Economia i organització d'empreses
Earthquake hazard analysis
Insurance trends
Riesgo sísmico
instrumentos aseguradores
modelo de riesgo de catástrofe
pérdida máxima probable
pérdida anual esperada
prima de riesgo
Seismic risk
insurance instruments
catastrophe risk model
probable maximum loss
expected annual loss
risk premium
Risc sísmic
Assegurances -- Pòlisses
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