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Ecological screening indicators of stress and risk for the Llobregat river water
Lopez Roldan, Ramon; Jubany, Irene; Martí Gregorio, Vicenç; Gonzalez, Susana; Cortina Pallás, José Luís
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Química; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. SETRI - Grup de Tècniques de Separació i Tractament de Residus Industrials
The objective of this article is to develop and apply several simple and rough indicators for river aquatic ecosystems assessment in order to screen potential chemical stressors. Several indicators, based on toxicity (PNEC) and on legislation levels (EQS) have been developed. All these indicators are ratios that were calculated by using public and private data of concentrations of a large list of compounds during a period of five years, including metals and organic compounds in the lower part of the Llobregat river basin at the intake of the drinking water treatment plant. Additionally, new campaigns were executed for increasing the information available on the presence of compounds not routinely analyzed, such as some other pesticides and pharmaceuticals. In the case of inorganic pollutants, the indicators obtained in this river section showed significant risk especially for zinc, but also for copper, nickel and barium. For organic pollutants, the pesticides terbuthylazine, diazinon, 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic (MCPA), and in a few cases, chlorpyrifos and lindane, also showed indexes above the threshold. Among the pharmaceuticals, the antibiotics clarithromycin and ciprofloxacin were the only ones with risk indicators adverse to ecosystems. The specific values of the indexes obtained rely on the quantity and quality of the data available, so their interpretation should take into account that some values can be high due to the use of too conservative toxicological information
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria química::Química del medi ambient
Ecological risk assessment (ERA)
Fluvial ecosystems
Metals
Pesticides
Pharmaceutical compounds
Ecosistemes fluvials
Llobregat (Catalunya : Riu)
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
Article - Draft
Article
Elsevier
         

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