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Effects of ultrasonic vibration on the micro-molding processing of polylactide
Sacristan, Matias; Planta, Xavier; Morell Bel, Mireia; Puiggalí Bellalta, Jordi
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Química; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. PSEP - Polimers Sintètics: Estructura i Propietats. Polimers Biodegradables.
A new ultrasonic micro-molding system was used to process polylactide (PLA) and fabricate reduced dimension specimens. Plasticization and molding of PLA were achieved by applying ultrasonic waves after feeding the polymer into a plasticizing chamber. Chemical and physical characteristics of processed PLA varied depending on the processing window (i.e. changes in ultrasonic wave amplitude between 14.2 and 48.1 μm and molding pressure between 0.5 in 6 bars). In terms of chemical effects, the application of ultrasound can lead to lower molecular weights (e.g. decreases of more than 45% in the weight average molecular weight), revealing partial degradation of the material. Also, the processed materials exhibited slightly higher thermal degradability than pure PLA because ultrasonic vibrations break molecular linkages and worsen the polymer structure. Finally, the processing conditions for the preparation of PLA specimens could be optimized without causing degradation and preserving structural characteristics and mechanical properties. Specifically, the use of an amplitude of 48.1 μm and a pressure of 3 bars gave samples with the same molecular weight as the raw material (i.e. 117,500 g/mol as opposed to 117,300 g/mol for Mw).
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria química
Micro-molding Polylactide Polymer degradation Processing Ultrasound technology
Polímers -- Biodegradació
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain

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