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An isolation device for near-fault ground motions
Abdel Kareem Moustafa, Mohamed Ismail; Rodellar Benedé, José; Pozo Montero, Francesc
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Matemàtica Aplicada III; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. CODALAB - Control, Dinàmica i Aplicacions
Seismic isolation is an appreciable control strategy that reduces the vibrations of structural and nonstructural systems induced by strong ground motions. However, under near-fault (NF) ground motion, the seismic isolation devices might perform poorly because of large isolator displacements caused by long-period large velocity and displacement pulses associated with such strong motion. The objective of this paper is to assess the effectiveness of a new seismic isolation device, referred to as roll-in-cage (RNC) isolator, in protecting against NF ground motions. The device is intended to achieve a balance in controlling isolator displacement demands and structural accelerations. The RNC isolator provides in a single unit all the necessary functions of rigid support, horizontal flexibility with enhanced stability, and energy dissipation characteristics. Moreover, it is distinguished from other isolation devices by two unique features: (i) it has a built-in energy-absorbing buffer to limit the design displacement under strong excitation, and (ii) it has a built-in linear recentering mechanism that prevents residual displacement after earthquakes. The seismic response of multistory buildings isolated by the RNC isolator is investigated under three recorded NF earthquakes and three synthetic ground motions. The results show that the RNC isolator is a convenient isolation system in protecting against NF earthquakes.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Matemàtiques i estadística::Matemàtica aplicada a les ciències
Structural control (Engineering)
passive structural control
seismic isolation
near-fault motion
roll-in-cage isolator
recentering
buffer mechanism
Aïllament sísmic
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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