Utilizad este identificador para citar o enlazar este documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/213985

The Impact of Trade on Technology and Skill Upgrading Evidence from Argentina
Bustos, Paula
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
In the last 20 years, wage inequality has increased in many developing countries. Most research on this topic focuses on two alternative causes: trade or skill-biased technical change. Several empirical studies in both developed and developing countries document increases in skill intensity within all sectors, favoring the technological change explanation over trade. Instead, I present and test a model where bilateral trade liberalization increases exporting revenues inducing more firms to enter the export market and to adopt skilled-biased new technologies. I find that the increase in the relative demand of skilled labor does not come from labor reallocation across sectors or firms but from skill upgrading within firms. Firms that upgrade technology faster also upgrade skill faster. Finally, firms entering the export market after liberalization become more skill and technology-intensive than non exporters.
10-07-2013
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