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Phase diagrams of He-4 on flat and curved environments
Gordillo Bargueño, Maria Carmen; Boronat Medico, Jordi
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Física i Enginyeria Nuclear; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. SIMCON - Grup de Recerca de Simulació per Ordinador en Matèria Condensada
By means of diffusion Monte Carlo calculations, we obtained the phase diagrams of a first and second layer of 4He on graphene and on the outside of different isolated armchair carbon nanotubes with radii in the range 3.42 to 10.85 Å. That corresponds to tubes between the (5, 5) and (16, 16) in standard nomenclature. In both cases, the ground state is either a liquid (second layer on graphene and on nanotubes whose radii is greater than ∼7 Å) or an incommensurate solid (for thinner tubes). In the former case, upon a density increase, the system undergoes a first-order phase transition to another incommensurate solid. A study of the influence of the C–He potential (isotropic or anisotropic) on the phase diagrams is also presented.
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Física
Phase transformations (Statistical physics)
Phase transitions
Transformacions de fase (Física estadística)
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain

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