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A knowledge based signal processing approach to tonic identification in indian classical music
Bellur, Ashwin; Ishwar, Vignesh; Serra, Xavier; Murthy, Hema A.
Universitat Pompeu Fabra
In this paper, we describe several techniques for detecting tonic pitch value in Indian classical music. In Indian music, the raga is the basic melodic framework and it is built on the tonic. Tonic detection is therefore fundamental for any melodic analysis in Indian classical music. This workexplores detection of tonic by processing the pitch histograms of Indian classic music. Processing of pitch histograms using group delay functions and its ability to amplify certain traits of Indian music in the pitch histogram, is discussed. Three different strategies to detect tonic, namely, the concert method, the template matching and segmented histogram method are proposed. The concert method exploits the fact that the tonic is constant over a piece/concert.templatematchingmethod and segmented histogrammethodsuse the properties: (i) the tonic is always present in the background, (ii) some notes are less inflected and dominant, to detect the tonic of individual pieces. All the three methods yield good results for Carnatic music (90−100% accuracy), while for Hindustanimusic, the templatemethod works best, provided the v¯adi samv¯adi notes for a given piece are known (85%).
This research was partly funded by the European Research Councilunder the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program, as part of the CompMusic project (ERC grant agreement267583)
Música -- Índia
Tractament del senyal
Música -- Anàlisi
© 2012 Ashwin Bellur et al. This is an open-access article distributedunder the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Universitat Pompeu Fabra

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