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Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol decreases somatic and motivational manifestations of nicotine withdrawal in mice
Aso Pérez, Ester; Maldonado, Rafael; Murtra, Patricia; Balerio, Graciela N.; Berrendero Díaz, Fernando
The possible interactions between Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and nicotine remain unclear in spite of the current association of cannabis and tobacco in humans. The aim of the present study was to explore the interactions between these two drugs of abuse by evaluating the consequences of THC administration on the somatic manifestations and the aversive motivational state associated to nicotine withdrawal in mice. Acute THC administration significantly decreased the incidence of several nicotine withdrawal signs precipitated by mecamylamine or naloxone, such as wet-dog-shakes, paw tremor and scratches. In both experimental conditions, the global withdrawal score was also significantly attenuated by acute THC administration. THC also reversed conditioned place aversion associated to naloxone precipitated nicotine withdrawal. We have then evaluated whether this effect of THC was due to possible adaptive changes induced by chronic nicotine on CB1 cannabinoid receptors. The stimulation of GTPS-binding proteins by the cannabinoid agonist WIN 55,212-2 and the density of CB1 cannabinoid receptor binding labelled with [3H] CP-55,940 were not modified by chronic nicotine treatment in the different brain structures investigated. Finally, we evaluated the consequences of THC administration on c-Fos expression in several brain structures after chronic nicotine administration and withdrawal. c-Fos was decreased in the caudate putamen and the dentate gyrus after mecamylamine precipitated nicotine withdrawal. However, acute THC administration did not modify c-Fos expression under these experimental conditions. Taken together, these results indicate that THC administration attenuated somatic signs of nicotine withdrawal and this effect was not associated to compensatory changes on CB1 cannabinoid receptors during chronic nicotine administration. In addition, THC also ameliorated the aversive motivational consequences of nicotine withdrawal.
Nicotina -- Receptors
Cannabinoides -- Efectes fisiològics
Cannabinoides -- Receptors
Nicotina -- Efectes fisiològics
Nicotine withdrawal
Place aversion
Cannabinoid receptor
© 2004 Federation of European Neuroscience Societies

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