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η'-nucleus optical potential and possible η' bound states
Nagahiro, H.; Hirenzaki, S.; Oset Baguena, Eulogio; Ramos Gómez, Àngels
Universitat de Barcelona
Starting from a recent model of the η′N interaction, we evaluate the η ′-nucleus optical potential, including the contribution of lowest order in density, tρ/2mη′, together with the second-order terms accounting for η′ absorption by two nucleons. We also calculate the formation cross section of the η′bound states from (π, p) reactions on nuclei. The η′-nucleus potential suffers from uncertainties tied to the poorly known η′N interaction, which can be partially constrained by the experimental modulus of the η′N scattering length and/or the recently measured transparency ratios in η′nuclear photoproduction. Assuming an attractive interaction and taking the claimed experimental value |aη′N|= 0.1 fm, we obtain an η′optical potential in nuclear matter at saturation density of Vη′=−(8.7 + 1.8i) MeV, not attractive enough to produce η′bound states in light nuclei. Larger values of the scattering length give rise to deeper optical potentials, with moderate enough imaginary parts. For a value |aη′N|= 0.3 fm, which can still be considered to lie within the uncertainties of the experimental constraints, the spectra of light and medium nuclei show clear structures associated to η′-nuclear bound states and to threshold enhancements in the unbound region.
Física nuclear
Mesons (Física nuclear)
Constitució de la matèria
Nuclear physics
Mesons (Nuclear physics)
Constitution of matter
(c) Elsevier B.V., 2012
Elsevier B.V.

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