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Disruption of embryonic blood-CSF barrier in chick embryos reveals the actual importance of this barrier to control E-CSF composition and homeostasis in early brain development
Parvas, Maryam; Bueno i Torrens, David, 1965-
Universitat de Barcelona
In vertebrates, early brain development takes place at the expanded anterior end of the neural tube. After closure of the anterior neuropore, the brain wall forms a physiologically sealed cavity that encloses embryonic cerebrospinal fluid (E-CSF), a complex and protein-rich fluid that is initially composed of trapped amniotic fluid. E-CSF has several crucial roles in brain anlagen development. Recently, we reported the presence of transient blood-CSF barrier located in the brain stem lateral to the ventral midline, at the mesencephalon and prosencephalon level, in chick and rat embryos by transporting proteins, water, ions and glucose in a selective manner via transcellular routes. To test the actual relevance of the control of E-CSF composition and homeostasis on early brain development by this embryonic blood-CSF barrier, we block the activity of this barrier by treating the embryos with 6-aminonicotinamide gliotoxin (6-AN). We demonstrate that 6-AN treatment in chick embryos blocks protein transport across the embryonic blood-CSF barrier, and that the disruption of the barrier properties is due to the cease transcellular caveolae transport, as detected by CAV-1 expression cease. We also show that the lack of protein transport across the embryonic blood-CSF barrier influences neuroepithelial cell survival, proliferation and neurogenesis, as monitored by neurepithelial progenitor cells survival, proliferation and neurogenesis. The blockage of embryonic blood-CSF transport also disrupts water influx to the E-CSF, as revealed by an abnormal increase in brain anlagen volume. These experiments contribute to delineate the actual extent of this blood-CSF embryonic barrier controlling E-CSF composition and homeostasis and the actual important of this control for early brain development, as well as to elucidate the mechanism by which proteins and water are transported thought transcellular routes across the neuroectoderm, reinforcing the crucial role of E-CSF for brain development.
Sistema nerviós central
Neurobiologia del desenvolupament
Central nervous system
Developmental neurobiology
cc-by-nc (c) Parvas, Maryam et al., 2011
Ross Science Publishers

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