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Cell fusion reprogramming leads to a specific hepatic expression pattern during mouse bone marrow derived hepatocyte formation In Vivo
Quintana Bustamante, Oscar; Grueso, Esther; García Escudero, Ramón; Arza, Elvira; Álvarez Barrientos, Alberto; Fabregat Romero, Isabel; García Bravo, María; Meza, Néstor W.; Segovia, José C.
Universitat de Barcelona
The fusion of bone marrow (BM) hematopoietic cells with hepatocytes to generate BM derived hepatocytes (BMDH) is a natural process, which is enhanced in damaged tissues. However, the reprogramming needed to generate BMDH and the identity of the resultant cells is essentially unknown. In a mouse model of chronic liver damage, here we identify a modification in the chromatin structure of the hematopoietic nucleus during BMDH formation, accompanied by the loss of the key hematopoietic transcription factor PU.1/Sfpi1 (SFFV proviral integration 1) and gain of the key hepatic transcriptional regulator HNF-1A homeobox A (HNF-1A/Hnf1a). Through genome-wide expression analysis of laser captured BMDH, a differential gene expression pattern was detected and the chromatin changes observed were confirmed at the level of chromatin regulator genes. Similarly, Tranforming Growth Factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and neurotransmitter (e.g. Prostaglandin E Receptor 4 [Ptger4]) pathway genes were over-expressed. In summary, in vivo BMDH generation is a process in which the hematopoietic cell nucleus changes its identity and acquires hepatic features. These BMDHs have their own cell identity characterized by an expression pattern different from hematopoietic cells or hepatocytes. The role of these BMDHs in the liver requires further investigation.
Patologia cel·lular
Cèl·lules hepàtiques
Hematopoesi
Cellular pathology
Liver cells
Hematopoiesis
cc-by (c) Quintana Bustamante, Oscar et al., 2012
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es
Article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Public Library of Science (PLoS)
         

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