Utilizad este identificador para citar o enlazar este documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2072/208425

Levels of PSP toxins in bivalves exposed to natural blooms of Alexandrium minutum in Catalan harbours
Giménez Papiol, Gemma; Caillaud, A.; Cañete, E.; De la Iglesia González, Pablo; Eixarch Puigcerver, Helena; Fernández-Tejedor, Margarita; Franco, J.; Riobó, P.; Diogène Fadini, Jorge
IRTA. Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries
The development, validation, comparison and evaluation of analytical methods for marine toxins rely on the availability of toxic material. Within the project JACUMAR PSP, our interest is mainly focused on autochthonous bivalve species with the toxic profile of Alexandrium minutum, since this is the principal species involved regionally in PSP outbreaks. Mussels and oysters were exposed during few days in the harbor of Vilanova i la Geltrú, to blooms reaching a maximum A. minutum concentration of 200,000 cells L-1 in 2008, and 40,000 and 800,000 cells L-1, in 2009. Mussels, oysters and clams were exposed to one bloom of 22,000 cells L-1 in the harbor of Cambrils in 2009. In all situations higher toxic levels analyzed by HPLC-FD with postcolumn oxidation were observed in mussels (i.e. 1,200-2,500 μg eq. STX kg-1) than in oysters (i.e. 60-800 μg eq. STX kg-1) exposed to the same bloom. Blooms with higher concentrations of A. minutum did not correspond to higher levels of PSP toxins in bivalves. These differences may be explained by differences in A. minutum population dynamics, toxin production or in the physiological state or behaviour of shellfish. These results confirm that mussels concentrate more PSP toxins from A. minutum than oysters and clams.
Toxines marines
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4 p.
International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae and Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

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