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Optimum intercalibration time in synthetic aperture interferometric radiometers: application to SMOS
Ramos Pérez, Isaac; Bosch Lluís, Xavier; Camps Carmona, Adriano José; González Gambau, Veronica; Rodríguez Álvarez, Nereida; Valencia Domènech, Enric; Hyuk, Park; Vall-Llossera Ferran, Mercedes Magdalena; Forte Veliz, Giuseppe Francesco
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Teoria del Senyal i Comunicacions; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. RSLAB - Grup de Recerca en Teledetecció
Interpolation strategies for calibration of the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission of the European Space Agency are tested and compared. Calibration strategy (how and how often) is critical in achieving the required performance of any instrument, but it is even more important in very complex instruments such as the new family of synthetic aperture interferometric radiometers and, in particular, in the Microwave Imaging Radiometer by Aperture Synthesis instrument aboard the SMOS mission. On one hand, frequent calibration reduces the available observation time. On the other hand, the calibration requirements for soil moisture applications are more relaxed than those for ocean salinity, so the intercalibration time requirements are very different. Since SMOS drifts are stationary, half-orbit information is available to perform different interpolation strategies. In this letter, these approaches are tested to estimate the calibration parameters between consecutive calibrations. The average root-mean-square phase error is then used to find the optimum interpolation strategy and intercalibration time. On the other side, in real-time instruments, the “future” calibration data are not available at the time of taking the measurements, and predictors are required to estimate the evolution of the calibration parameters from past data only. For these systems, the extended Kalman filter can be used. The intercalibration time in a real-time instrument is evaluated, and the requirements and performances are compared to offline instruments.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria civil::Geologia::Oceanografia
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria de la telecomunicació::Radiocomunicació i exploració electromagnètica
Oceanography
Radiation--Measurement
Calibration
intercalibration time
interferometric radiometers
Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS)
Oceanografia
Radiació--Mesurament
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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Ramos Pérez, Isaac; Forte Veliz, Giuseppe Francesco; Camps Carmona, Adriano José; Bosch Lluís, Xavier; Valencia Domènech, Enric; Rodríguez Álvarez, Nereida; Hyuk, Park; Vall-Llossera Ferran, Mercedes Magdalena
Ramos Pérez, Isaac; Camps Carmona, Adriano José; Bosch Lluís, Xavier; Rodríguez Álvarez, Nereida; Valencia Domènech, Enric; Hyuk, Park; Forte Veliz, Giuseppe Francesco; Vall-Llossera Ferran, Mercedes Magdalena
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Camps Carmona, Adriano José; Marchán Hernández, Juan Fernando; Bosch Lluís, Xavier; Rodríguez Álvarez, Nereida; Ramos Pérez, Isaac; Valencia Domènech, Enric; Tarongí Bauzá, José Miguel; Hyuk, Park; Carreño Luengo, Hugo; Alonso Arroyo, Alberto; Pascual Biosca, Daniel; Onrubia Ibáñez, Raúl; Forte Veliz, Giuseppe Francesco; Querol Borràs, Jorge
Rodríguez Álvarez, Nereida; Bosch Lluís, Xavier; Camps Carmona, Adriano José; Ramos Pérez, Isaac; Valencia Domènech, Enric; Hyuk, Park; Vall-Llossera Ferran, Mercedes Magdalena
 

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