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Response of crown ether functionalized polythiophenes to alkaline ions
Zanuy Gomara, David; Preat, Julien; Perpete, Eric A.; Alemán Llansó, Carlos
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Química; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. IMEM - Innovació, Modelització i Enginyeria en (BIO) Materials
The sensing response of 15-crown-5-ether functionalized polythiophene to Li+, Na+, and K+ has been investigated at the atomistic level using molecular dynamics simulations. The stability associated with all the identified binding sites has been corroborated by quantum mechanical calculations. Although the cavity of the macrocycle is not the most visited binding site, such receptor is responsible of the selective sensing response of this polythiophene derivative. PF6– counterions reduce the mobility of the alkaline cations, which do not occupy the crown ether cavity of consecutive repeating units due to electrostatic repulsions. Furthermore, the relative entropy for the “free state → bound state” has been estimated using a procedure based on the covariance matrix atom-positional fluctuations. Evaluation of the entropic contributions allow us to complete the thermodynamics scenario of binding process, which was recently initiated by calculating the enthalpies at quantum mechanical level [ Chem. Eur. J. 2009, 15, 4676]. Results indicate an entropycally driven binding preference.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria química
Molecular dynamics
Polymers
Alkaline cations
Alkaline ions
Atomistic levels
Binding process
Bound state
Counterions
Electrostatic repulsion
Entropic contributions
Free state
Functionalized
Macrocycles
Molecular dynamics simulations
Poly-thiophene
Polythiophene derivatives
Quantum mechanical levels
Quantum-mechanical calculation
Relative entropy
Repeating unit
Selective sensing
Sensing response
Dinàmica molecular -- Simulació per ordinador
Polímers
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Article
         

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