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Hybrid transactional memory with pessimistic concurrency control
Vallejo, Enrique; Sanyal, Sutirtha; Harris, Tim; Vallejo, Fernando; Beivide, Ramón; Unsal, Osman Sabri; Cristal Kestelman, Adrián; Valero Cortés, Mateo
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Arquitectura de Computadors; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. CAP - Grup de Computació d'Altes Prestacions
Transactional Memory (TM) intends to simplify the design and implementation of the shared-memory data structures used in parallel software. Many Software TM systems are based on writer-locks to protect the data being modified. Such implementations can suffer from the “privatization” problem, in which transactional and non-transactional accesses to the same location can lead to inconsistent results. One solution is the use of Pessimistic Concurrency Control, but it entails an important performance penalty due to the need of reader-writer locking. In this paper a hybrid TM design is proposed to reduce the performance overheads caused by the use of these locks while combining three desirable features: i) full TM functionality whether or not the architectural support is present; ii) execution of a single common code path in software or hardware; and, iii) immunity from the privatization problem. The analysis shows how a Hybrid TM can lose important properties, such as starvation freedom. To overcome this issue, Directory Reservations is presented, a low-cost mechanism improving existent solutions designed for Hardware TM.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Informàtica::Arquitectura de computadors
Computer storage devices -- Design and construction
Hybrid transactional memory
Pessimistic concurrency control
Writer starvation
Directory reservation
Memòria transaccional
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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