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Nanocomposites of in-situ polymerized cyclic butylene terephthalate and polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioaxanes
Abt, Tobias Martin; Illescas Fernandez, Silvia; Antunes, Marcelo de Sousa Pais; Cáceres Moreno, María Angélica; Sánchez Soto, Miguel
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Ciència dels Materials i Enginyeria Metal·lúrgica; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. POLYCOM - Polimers i compòsits: tecnologia
Nanocomposites were prepared by in-situ polymerization of CBT®, a cyclic form of poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) and polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS®) with 2.5, 5 and 10 wt% POSS content. Three different types of POSS were used; two with reactive functional groups, Trisilanolphenyl POSS (TPOSS) and Glycidyl POSS (G-POSS) and one POSS type having non-reactive functionality, Isooctyl POSS (I-POSS). SEM analysis showed that I-POSS was finely dispersed at a nanoscale level within the CBT, whereas T-POSS and GPOSS formed agglomerates microscaled rather than nanoscaled. T-POSS hinders the polymerization reaction of the CBT, resulting in a poor consolidation of the composite. However, Glycidyl POSS was found to crosslink the CBT during polymerization, making it possible to alter the final material properties. All nanocomposites with 10 wt% POSS content showed a hindered cold crystallization and subsequently showed no melting peak of the formed polymer in a DSC scan.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria dels materials::Materials plàstics i polímers
Nanocomposites (Materials)
Nanocompòsits (Materials)
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain

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