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Being a part of the crowd: towards validating VR crowds using presence
Pelechano Gómez, Núria; Stocker, Catherine; Allbeck, Jan; Badler, Norman
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Llenguatges i Sistemes Informàtics; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. MOVING - Grup de Recerca en Modelatge, Interacció i Visualització en Realitat Virtual
Crowd simulation models are currently lacking a commonly accepted validation method. In this paper, we propose level of presence achieved by a human in a virtual environment (VE) as a metric for virtual crowd behavior. Using experimental evidence from the presence literature and the results of a pilot experiment that we ran, we explore the egocentric features that a crowd simulation model should have in order to achieve high levels of presence and thus be used as a framework for validation of simulated crowd behavior. We implemented four crowd models for our pilot experiment: social forces, rule based, cellular automata and HiDAC. Participants interacted with the crowd members of each model in an immersive virtual environment for the purpose of studying presence in virtual crowds, with the goal of establishing the basis for a future validation method.
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Informàtica::Intel·ligència artificial::Agents intel·ligents
Collective behavior -- Computer simulation
Human behavior models
Crowd simulation
Egocentric features
Presence
Comportament col·lectiu
Agents intel·ligents (Programari)
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