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Consequences of low sustainability in the effectiveness of national strategies to increase water access in the rural areas: evidence from three central regions of Tanzania.
Jiménez, Alejandro; Pérez Foguet, Agustí
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Matemàtica Aplicada III; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. LACÀN - Centre Específic de Recerca de Mètodes Numèrics en Ciències Aplicades i Enginyeria
Tanzania, as many other countries, has designed an ambitious Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Plan (RWSSP) to improve increase access to rural water: from 53% in 2005, up to 74% in 2015 and 90% in 2025. Emphasis is placed on the production of new schemes and only 6% of investment is foreseen for rehabilitation. This paper presents an analysis of the current functionality-time relationship for water points found in en extensive water point mapping study made in three regions of Tanzania, covering 15% of the total rural population of the country. Results show very low performance over time, since only between 35% and 47% of water points are working 15 years after installation. Consequences for the accomplishment of the RWSSP are discussed and some measures proposed.
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Desenvolupament humà i sostenible::Desenvolupament humà::Aigua i sanejament
Water-supply, Rural
Desenvolupament sostenible
Aigua -- Abastament -- Tanzània
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain

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Marín, Gonzalo; Pérez Foguet, Agustí; Jiménez, Alejandro; Muñoz, David; Ibañez, Alberto; Rivero, María del Mar