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Topological Vulnerability of the European Power Grid Under Errors and Attacks
Rosas Casals, Martí; Valverde Castillo, Sergi; Solé, Ricard V.
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Màquines i Motors Tèrmics; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. STH - Sostenibilitat, Tecnología i Humanisme
Electronic version of an article published as "International journal of bifurcation and chaos", vol. 17, no. 7, July 2007, p. 2465-2475. DOI No: 10.1142/S0218127407018531. © Copyright World Scientific Publishing Company
We present an analysis of the topological structure and static tolerance to errors and attacks of the September 2003 actualization of the Union for the Coordination of Transport of Electricity (UCTE) power grid, involving thirty-three different networks. Though every power grid studied has exponential degree distribution and most of them lack typical small-world topology, they display patterns of reaction to node loss similar to those observed in scale-free networks. We have found that the node removal behaviour can be logarithmically related to the power grid size. This logarithmic behaviour would suggest that, though size favours fragility, growth can reduce it. We conclude that, with the ever-growing demand for power and reliability, actual planning strategies to increase transmission systems would have to take into account this relative increase in vulnerability with size, in order facilitate and improve the power grid design and functioning
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Energies::Energia elèctrica::Instal·lacions elèctriques
Electric power transmission
Complex networks
Power grid
Energia elèctrica -- Transmissió

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