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The Emissivity Of Foam-Covered Water Surface At L-Band: Theoretical Modeling And Experimental Results From The FROG 2003 Field Experiment
Camps Carmona, Adriano José; Vall-Llossera Ferran, Mercedes Magdalena; Villarino Villarino, Ramón; Reul, Nicolas; Chapron, Bertrand; Corbella Sanahuja, Ignasi; Duffo Ubeda, Núria; Torres Torres, Francisco; Miranda Mendoza, Jorge José; Sabia, Roberto; Monerris Belda, Alessandra; Rodríguez Sánchez, Rubén
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Teoria del Senyal i Comunicacions; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. RF&MW - Grup de Recerca de sistemes, dispositius i materials de RF i microones
Sea surface salinity can be measured by microwave radiometry at L-band (1400-1427 MHz). This frequency is a compromise between sensitivity to the salinity, small atmospheric perturbation, and reasonable pixel resolution. The description of the ocean emission depends on two main factors: (1) the sea water permittivity, which is a function of salinity, temperature, and frequency, and (2) the sea surface state, which depends on the wind-induced wave spectrum, swell, and rain-induced roughness spectrum, and by the foam coverage and its emissivity. This study presents a simplified two-layer emission model for foam-covered water and the results of a controlled experiment to measure the foam emissivity as a function of salinity, foam thickness, incidence angle, and polarization. Experimental results are presented, and then compared to the two-layer foam emission model with the measured foam parameters used as input model parameters. At 37 psu salt water the foam-induced emissivity increase is /spl sim/0.007 per millimeter of foam thickness (extrapolated to nadir), increasing with increasing incidence angles at vertical polarization, and decreasing with increasing incidence angles at horizontal polarization.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria de la telecomunicació::Radiocomunicació i exploració electromagnètica::Circuits de microones, radiofreqüència i ones mil·limètriques
Microwave measurements
Oceanography
Radiometry
Remote sensing
microwave measurement
ocean temperature
oceanographic regions
oceanographic techniques
radiometry
remote sensing
seawater
Microones -- Mesurament
Oceanografia
Radiometria
Sensors remots
Article
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
         

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