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Electrochemical microelectrodes for improved spatial and temporal characterization of aqueous environments around calcium phosphate cements.
Gustavsson, Johan; Ginebra Molins, Maria Pau; Planell Estany, Josep Anton; Engel López, Elisabeth
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Ciència dels Materials i Enginyeria Metal·lúrgica; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. BIBITE - Biomaterials, Biomecànica i Enginyeria de Teixits
Calcium phosphate compounds can potentially influence cellular fate through ionic substitutions. However, to be able to turn such solution-mediated processes into successful directors of cellular response, a perfect understanding of the material-induced chemical reactions in situ is required. We therefore report on the application of home-made electrochemical microelectrodes, tested as pH and chloride sensors, for precise spatial and temporal characterization of different aqueous environments around calcium phosphate- based biomaterials prepared from a-tricalcium phosphate using clinically relevant liquid to powder ratios. The small size of the electrodes allowed for online measurements in traditionally inaccessible in vitro environments, such as the immediate material–liquid interface and the interior of curing bone cement. The kinetic data obtained has been compared to theoretical sorption models, confirming that the proposed setup can provide key information for improved understanding of the biochemical environment imposed by chemically reactive biomaterials.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria dels materials
Detectors
Calcium phosphate
Hydroxyapatite
Fosfat de calci
Detectors
Biomaterials
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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