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Voltage-sensor-less synchronization to unbalanced grids by frequency-adaptive virtual flux estimation
Suul, Jon Are; Luna Alloza, Álvaro; Rodríguez Cortés, Pedro; Undeland, Tore
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Elèctrica; Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. SEER - Sistemes Elèctrics d'Energia Renovable
This paper proposes a simple method for inherently frequency-adaptive virtual flux (VF) estimation intended for voltage-sensor-less grid synchronization and control of voltage source converters. The frequency-adaptive characteristics are obtained by using a second-order generalized integrator configured as a quadrature signal generator (SOGI-QSG) with the grid frequency as an explicit input variable. It is also shown how the properties of VF estimation based on SOGI-QSGs can be utilized to achieve a simple and effective synchronization technique that integrates frequency-adaptive bandpass filtering, VF estimation, and symmetrical component sequence separation into one operation. This new method avoids cascaded delays of VF estimation and sequence separation and is labeled as dual SOGI-based VF (DSOGI-VF) estimation since it is based on two parallel SOGI-QSGs. The properties and performance of the DSOGI-VF estimation are analyzed in comparison to conventional configurations of VF estimation and sequence separation, demonstrating that it is a simpler structure with improved dynamic response. In fact, similar response time as for grid synchronization based on voltage measurements is achieved. The operation and performance of the proposed DSOGI-VF estimation method have been verified by laboratory experiments in a small-scale converter setup.
Peer Reviewed
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Energies::Energia elèctrica::Convertidors estàtics d'energia elèctrica
Àrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria electrònica::Electrònica de potència::Convertidors de corrent elèctric
Electric current converters
Voltage regulators
Electric power distribution
Convertidors de corrent elèctric
Reguladors elèctrics
Energia elèctrica -- Distribució
IEEE Press. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

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