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Cirp function and characterisation in RNA and microRNAs
Lleonart Pajarin, Matilde Esther
Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca; Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebrón. Institut de Recerca
In order to search for novel genes involved in cell proliferation, the hypothesis was that by infecting primary cells with a cDNA library of immortal cells would render immortalizing genes. Consequently it has been discovered CIRP (Cold inducible RNA-binding protein). Mammalian cells exposed to mild hypothermia show a general inhibition of protein synthesis and a concomitant increase in the expression of a small number of cold-shock mRNAs and proteins. Rbm3, another RNA binding protein belonging to the same family, has been postulated to facilitate protein synthesis at mild cold shock. To investigate if the same occurs for CIRP, CIRP was overexpressed in primary cells and protein sintesis was measured. Interestingly, CIRP increased protein synthesis, however, such increase did not involve an increase in the polysome fraction or affected the ribosome profile. In addition, the effect caused by CIRP inhibition or knockdown was also analyzed. Different siRNAs against CIRP were tested. Once checked their efficiency by decreasing CIRP at mRNA and protein levels, proliferation was tested by BrdU, cell number (DAPI) and proliferation curves were performed. Interestingly, CIRP provoke a decreased proliferation in primary cells: MEFs, HMEC; and cancer cells: TERA2 and HeLa. In conclusion, we describe for the first time that CIRP bypasses replicative senescence when over-expressed at physiological temperature (37ºC) by increasing a general protein synthesis. This effect is achieved through ERK1/2 activation in MEFs.The decrease in growth rate found in mammalian cells treated with mild cold stress is not entirely attributable to arrested metabolism. This decrease may also involve an active process in which CIRP and other stress-responsive proteins play a fundamental role in stimulating proliferation. Although most cell proteins are down-regulated or inhibited with cold stress, CIRP is activated to maintain cells in an active proliferative status and its overexpression at 37°C might be potentially oncogenic.
576 - Biologia cel·lular i subcel·lular. Citologia
Cèl·lules -- Envelliment
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12 p.
Els ajuts de l'AGAUR;2007 BE-1 00296

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