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The Role of the European Union in the Processes to Ban Cluster Munitions
Vlaskamp, Martijn
Institut Universitari d'Estudis Europeus. Observatori de Política Exterior Europea; Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
At the end of 2008 the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) that outlawed almost all types of cluster munitions was signed. It was the product of the so-called Oslo process, which had been set up two years earlier as a reaction to the failure to add a new protocol banning cluster munitions to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW). The position of the EU in these two processes was ambivalent: on the one hand it belonged to the strongest proponents for a new protocol within the CCW, but on the other hand the member states were in general not able to act jointly in the Oslo Process. According to this working paper especially the aspect of national security and the related relationship to the United States influenced the stances of many member states and complicated the formation of a common European position. There were common normative values of the EU detected, which played a role in the CCW, but they were only secondary to other interests of the member states.
341 - Dret internacional. Drets humans
Armes de guerra
Bombes explosives
Ajuda internacional -- Unió Europea, Països de la
Ajuda humanitària -- Àfrica
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33 p.
Working Paper
Institut Universitari d'Estudis Europeus

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