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Enteral nutrition as primary therapy in Crohn's disease
Fernández Bañares, Fernando; Cabré i Gelada, Eduard; González-Huix Lladó, Ferràn; Gassull, Miquel Àngel
Universitat de Barcelona
The developments in enteral feeding for Crohn's disease in the past decade are critically reviewed. The advent of amino acid based chemically defined elemental diets signalled the end of 'total bowel rest' in the management of these patients. Subsequently, controlled clinical trials showed that elemental diets were as effective as corticosteroids in inducing clinical remission in patients with acute exacerbations of Crohn's disease. The later use of peptide based elemental diets, in Crohn's disease produced somewhat conflicting results. The initial uncontrolled studies suggest that polymeric whole protein diets might also be effective in the management of acute exacerbations of the disease, casting in turn doubts concerning the role of dietary antigens in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease. Results of controlled studies comparing the use of elemental and polymeric diets as primary therapy in Crohn's disease have, however, also produced conflicting results. The results of one recent controlled trial in which
Alimentació enteral
Malaltia de Crohn
Enteral feeding
Crohn's disease
(c) BMJ Publishing Group Ltd and British Society of Gastroenterology, 1994
BMJ Group

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