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Establiment de bases científiques per al desenvolupament d'una estratègia integrada per avaluar toxicitat en reproducció
Janer Gual, Gemma
Agència de Gestió d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca
Report for the scientific sojourn at the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Netherlands, from 2006 to 2008. This project aimed at creating scientific elements that could help deriving an integrated testing strategy for reproductive toxicity. Part of the project focused on the use of alternative tests for regulatory purposes. An in vitro-in vivo extrapolation method for embryotoxicity was proposed and evaluated. In vitro and in vivo dose descriptors were correlated; however, the scatter in the correlation was too large to allow an accurate estimation of an in vivo dose from an in vitro dose. The in vitro-in vivo extrapolation method together with toxicokinetic data was also applied to a category of substances (phthalates). Although based on a limited number of substances, the results suggested that in vitro-in vivo extrapolation for embryotoxicity is possible within a category of compounds if adequate toxicokinetic data is available. Because of the limitations that still remain in the use of alternative tests for reproductive toxicicity, other approaches to reduce animal testing were explored. Thus, a database of reproductive toxicity studies was created to retrospectively evaluate the comparative value of some studies or elements in a particular study. When compared to the subchronic toxicity study, the rat two-generation reproductive toxicity study had a considerable impact on the identification of hazard for reproductive toxicity, but not on the overall NOAEL. Among the two-generation studies included in our database, the second generation affected neither the overall NOAEL nor the critical effect. The rat and the rabbit developmental toxicity studies were, on average, similarly sensitive. However, for certain substances the developmental study in either one of the two species appeared to be more sensitive than in the other species.
618 - Ginecologia. Obstetricia
Toxicologia reproductiva
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Els ajuts de l'AGAUR;2005BPA10062

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