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“Unmixing” Tissue Gene Expression Signatures from Tumor Biopsies
Billheimer, Dean
Daunis i Estadella, Josep; Martín Fernández, Josep Antoni; Universitat de Girona. Departament d’Informàtica i Matemàtica Aplicada
Emergent molecular measurement methods, such as DNA microarray, qRTPCR, andmany others, offer tremendous promise for the personalized treatment of cancer. Thesetechnologies measure the amount of specific proteins, RNA, DNA or other moleculartargets from tumor specimens with the goal of “fingerprinting” individual cancers. Tumorspecimens are heterogeneous; an individual specimen typically contains unknownamounts of multiple tissues types. Thus, the measured molecular concentrations resultfrom an unknown mixture of tissue types, and must be normalized to account for thecomposition of the mixture.For example, a breast tumor biopsy may contain normal, dysplastic and cancerousepithelial cells, as well as stromal components (fatty and connective tissue) and bloodand lymphatic vessels. Our diagnostic interest focuses solely on the dysplastic andcancerous epithelial cells. The remaining tissue components serve to “contaminate”the signal of interest. The proportion of each of the tissue components changes asa function of patient characteristics (e.g., age), and varies spatially across the tumorregion. Because each of the tissue components produces a different molecular signature,and the amount of each tissue type is specimen dependent, we must estimate the tissuecomposition of the specimen, and adjust the molecular signal for this composition.Using the idea of a chemical mass balance, we consider the total measured concentrationsto be a weighted sum of the individual tissue signatures, where weightsare determined by the relative amounts of the different tissue types. We develop acompositional source apportionment model to estimate the relative amounts of tissuecomponents in a tumor specimen. We then use these estimates to infer the tissuespecificconcentrations of key molecular targets for sub-typing individual tumors. Weanticipate these specific measurements will greatly improve our ability to discriminatebetween different classes of tumors, and allow more precise matching of each patient tothe appropriate treatment
Geologische Vereinigung; Institut d’Estadística de Catalunya; International Association for Mathematical Geology; Càtedra Lluís Santaló d’Aplicacions de la Matemàtica; Generalitat de Catalunya, Departament d’Innovació, Universitats i Recerca; Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia; Ingenio 2010.
01-04-2009
Tumors -- Estudi de casos
Tumors -- Investigació
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Universitat de Girona. Departament d’Informàtica i Matemàtica Aplicada
         

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