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When "hope springs eternal": The role of chance in risk taking
Karelaia, Natalia; Hogarth, Robin
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Departament d'Economia i Empresa
In most naturally occurring situations, success depends on both skill and chance. We contrastexperimental market entry decisions where payoffs depend on skill as opposed tocombinations of skill and chance. Our data show differential attitudes toward chance by thosewhose self-assessed skills are low and high. Making chance more important induces greateroptimism for the former who start taking more risk, while the latter maintain a belief that highlevels of skill are sufficient to overcome the vagaries of chance. Finally, although weobserved excess entry (i.e., too many participants entered markets), this could not beattributed to overconfidence.
Behavioral and Experimental Economics
risk taking
gender differences
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