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Identification of carotenoids using mass spectrometry
Rivera Vélez, Sol Maiam; Christou, Paul; Canela i Garayoa, Ramon
The present review compiles positive MS fragmentation data of selected carotenoids obtained using various ionization techniques and matrices. In addition, new experimental data from the analysis of carotenoids in transgenic maize and rice callus are provided. Several carotenes and oxygen-functionalized carotenoids containing epoxy, hydroxyl, and ketone groups were ionized by atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI)-tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) in positive ion mode. Thus, on the basis of the information obtained from the literature and our own experiments, we identified characteristic carotenoid ions that can be associated to functional groups in the structures of these compounds. In addition, pigments with a very similar structure were differentiated through comparison of the intensities of their fragments. The data provide a basis for the structural elucidation of carotenoids by mass spectrometry (MS).
2013
Mass spectrometry (MS)
Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS)
Fragmentation
Carotenoids
Carotenoides
Blat de moro -- Anàlisi
article
Willey Online Library
         

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